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Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
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|N/A - 3 Months
Inclusion Criteria:1. Subjects aged less than 3 months, male or female. 2. Infant with one or more superficial hemangiomas in the preproliferative phase or very early proliferative growth phase. 3. Absence or minimal appearance of the lesion at birth. 4. More pronounced appearance within 1 month of birth. 5. Willingness of parent/guardian to participate in the study. 6. Willingness of parent/guardian to receive EXPERIMENTAL treatment. 7. Informed consent agreement signed by the parent/guardian. 8. Willingness of parent/guardian to follow the treatment schedule and post treatment care requirements. 9. Willingness of parent/guardian to not use topical or systemic (oral) TREATMENT medications of the hemangioma other than those prescribed by the investigators during the study period.
Exclusion Criteria:1. Infants already on other treatment prior to PDL or timolol treatments (including topical, systemic steroids or other agents) 2. Any infant who, in the opinion of his or her pediatrician or the investigators, has a major medical problem (such as cardiac pathology or airway obstruction) that makes participation in the study difficult. 3. Infants with hemangiomas that threaten vital functions (e.g. obstructing the airway or impairing hearing or vision) 4. Scarring or infection of the area to be treated. 5. Subjects who are immunocompromised. 6. Subject whose parent/guardian is unable to comply with treatment, home care or follow-up visits. 7. Patients with asthma or a history of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or cardiovascular disease, including sinus bradycardia, second or third degree atrioventricular block, overt cardiac failure, and cardiogenic shock; hypersensitivity to any component of timolol; and in those patients receiving systemic administration of beta-blockers or ace inhibitors.
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|Massachusetts General Hospital
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|R. Rox Anderson, MD
|Principal Investigator Affiliation
|Massachusetts General Hospital
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
|View Trial Website
Hemangiomas affect 5-10% of all children born in the United States and up to 20% of premature infants, with a higher incidence in girls. Most infantile hemangiomas (IHs) appear within a few weeks of birth, grow rapidly for months to years and eventually involute. "Benign neglect" (no treatment) is therefore recommended by most pediatricians. However, about 1/3 of cases (2-3% of all children born in the US) eventually require medical or surgical interventions for hemangiomas due to blocked vision, problems with breathing, feeding, pain, ulceration, infection, profuse bleeding or disfigurement. None of the interventions are benign. Occasionally, hemangiomas may be fatal. The broad objective of this study is to prevent injury and disfigurement of millions of children per year by developing a very safe, effective, and non-invasive treatment that inhibits the growth of cutaneous hemangiomas in newborns. Historically, pulsed dye laser has been known to bea very effective and safe treatment for hemangiomas; however, this treatment modality has not been studied for the treatment of very early hemangiomas. Recently, systemic beta-blockade with propanolol has also shown remarkable results in treating threatening hemangiomas. However, systemic propanolol is not benign and requires inpatient monitoring for cardiac side effects. Topical beta-blocker has been demonstrated in a case report to prevent the growth of infantile eyelid hemangioma. We propose a prospective, single blinded, randomized study of pulsed dye laser (PDL) and topical beta-blocker solution (timolol maleate ophthalmic gel forming solution) in the treatment of very early hemangiomas. Specifically the efficacy, side effects and outcome of PDL and timolol will be compared with no treatment, the present standard of care for early stage hemangiomas. The extent to which early laser treatment or topical timolol treatment prevents tumor growth and the need for future medical or surgical treatments will be determined. Infants will be recruited from the pediatric and neonatal practices at Massachusetts General Hospital, and randomized to receive either:
- (1) a series of weekly to semi-weekly laser treatments, (2) twice daily topical application of timolol ophthalmic gel-forming solution for six weeks, or (3) no treatment.
Experimental: Topical Timolol
After verification of eligibility criteria and obtaining informed consent of parent/guardian, infants randomized to the timolol arm will receive twice daily topical application of a physician-specified amount of timolol maleate 0.5% ophthalmic solution (hereby referred to as topical timolol) for up to six months.
No Intervention: Observation
After verification of eligibility criteria and obtaining informed consent of parent/guardian, infants randomized to the observation arm will be followed at study visits according to protocol.
Experimental: Pulsed Dye Laser
After verification of eligibility criteria and obtaining informed consent of parent/guardian, infants randomized to the pulsed dye laser arm will receive a series of six weekly to semi-weekly laser treatments treatments for up to 6 treatments with potential for reduced number of treatments if the hemangioma completely resolves. A 595-nm pulsed-dye laser (PDL, V-beam Perfecta, Candela Corp, Wayland, MA) with a dynamic cooling device (DCD) will be utilized for all treatments. This device is cleared by the FDA for clinical treatment of vascular lesions.
Drug: - topical timolol maleate
Timolol maleate 0.5% ophthalmic solution will be used. The dose will be 1 drop per square centimeter of hemangioma, rubbed into the area by the parent/guardian twice daily. The intent is to cover the entire lesion without excess of medication. Therefore, the dose can be lowered from 1 drop/cm2 at the discretion of the investigators, but not increased. This dose should not have significant systemic side effects given that the normal systemic intravenous dose for propanolol is 2mg/kg/day and there would be much less systemic absorption if the solution is applied topically. It is well established that the stratum corneum greatly slows the transport of timolol.
Device: - Pulsed dye laser
A 595-nm PDL (V-beam Perfecta, Candela Corp, Wayland, MA, USA) with a dynamic cooling device (DCD) will be utilized for all treatments. This device is cleared by the FDA for clinical treatment of vascular lesions. Protective eyewear for patient and all participants in the treatment room will be provided. A spot size of 7 or 10 mm will be used with an average fluence (energy delivered per unit area, in J/cm2) of 9 J/cm2 (range 8-10.0 J/cm2). Fluence will vary according to patient and hemangioma characteristics, including age, skin type, location, lesion thickness and response to treatment. A 30-50 ms cryogen spray cooling (CSC) duration will precede the laser pulse duration of 0.4 ms.
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