Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.
|Eligible Ages||N/A and Over|
- - All patients diagnosed with breast cancer irrespective of age, gender and clinical stage.
Exclusion Criteria:- Any patient who lost to follow up
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro Pakistan|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
Breast cancer accounts for the largest number of deaths amongst the female population worldwide. It is now considered as a systemic disease even if diagnosed at an initial stage, as the clinical behaviour cannot be accurately predicted. Due to this reason, it is subjected to new dimensions of research every day. The aggressiveness of the cancer is directly proportional to the histopathological grade at the time of diagnosis. This is true with reference to the clinical stage at the time of presentation, the probability to metastasize and potential to recur. The idea of steroids receptor expression by the tumour is not new, and to evaluate their status prior to the induction of hormone therapy is a must. The sex steroids, which are produced intratumorally, include estrogen, progesterone, and androgens. They act on their specific receptors present on the cell surface, within the cytoplasm and at the nuclear membrane. It is a measurement of these receptors that decide the potential of an individual to respond to different types of hormones like estrogen receptor blockers and aromatase inhibitors. Do the histological grade of tumour bears some relation with the status of these receptors and can investigators predict and rely just on the cellular behaviour of tumour for the purpose of prognosis is still under investigation. This study is designed to see the relationship between the histopathological grade of the tumour with the expression of sex steroid receptors. It will also try to evaluate whether these receptors bear some prognostic value or not.
: Breast Cancer Patients
All the patients irrespective of age, ethnicity and stage of disease will be including once the disease is confirmed after triple assessment
Other: - No Intervention
No intervention used. This is observational study
Contact a Trial Team
If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.